SKU: Q010  / 
    CAS Number: 130-95-0

    Quinine

    $65.00 - $215.00

    Quinine is a naturally occurring chemical compound, a cinchona alkaloid first isolated from the bark of the cinchona tree in 1820. It is a stereoisomer of quinidine which contains an aromatic quinoline and a bicyclic quinuclidine. It functions as a potassium channel blocker and is used as an anti-malarial.

    Application

    Quinine can be used as a standard during the chemical evaluation of alkaloids.

    Bark extracts have been used to treat malaria since 1632 (Sullivan, 2011) and Quinine was the first drug used to treat malaria (Achan et al, 2011). 

    Quinine is also used in nutrition research as a standard for bitterness. 

    Mechanism of Action The mechanism of action of quinine has not been fully resolved.  Cell fractionation studies in parasitology have shown that it inhibits hemozoin formation in the parasite cell which allows buildup of cytotoxic heme resulting in death.  Quinine also acts as a potassium channel blocker.
    Spectrum Parasites. Antimalarial.
    Microbiology Applications

    A study of 60 isolates of the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum in Thailand showed susceptibility to Quinine, with variable MIC values (10-6 - 10-8 M)(Thaithong et al, 1983).

    Molecular Formula

    C20H24N2O2

    Solubility Water: soluble, Freely soluble in ethanol and chloroform’
    References

    Achan J et al (2011)  Quinine, an old anti-malarial drug in a modern world: Role in the treatment of malaria. Malar. J 10:144  PMID 21609473

    Combrinck JM et al (2013)  Insights into the role of heme in the mechanism of action of antimalarials. ACS Chem Biol 8(1):133-137  PMID 23043646

    Chang WI, Chung JW, Kim YK, Chung SC and Kho HS (2006) The relationship between phenylthicarbamide (PTC) and 6-n-propylthiouracil (PROP) taster status and taste thresholds for sucrose and quinine. Arch. Oral Biol. 51(5):427-432  PMID 16297856

    Hansen JL, Reed DR, Wright MJ, Martin NG and Breslin PA (2006) Heritability and genetic covariation of sensitivity to PROP, SOA, quinine HCl, and caffeine. Chem Senses Volume 31(5):403-413  PMID 16527870

    Lakowicz JR (2006)  Instrumentation for fluorescence spectroscopy.  In: Principles of fluorescence spectroscopy. 3rd ed.  Springer-Verlag  pp. 54

    Sullivan, DJ (2011)  Cinchona Alkaloids: Quinine and Quinidine. In: Treatment and prevention of malaria: Antimalarial drug chemistry, action and use. ed by Staines HM and Krishna S. Springer Basel pp. 45-65

    Thaithong S, Beale GH, Chutmongkonkul M (1983 ) Susceptibility of Plasmodium falciparum to five drugs: An in vitro study of isolates mainly from Thailand. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 77(2):228-231  PMID 6346591

    MIC