SKU: C054  / 
    CAS Number: 33564-30-6

    Cefoxitin Sodium, USP

    $62.59 - $580.73

    Cefoxitin Sodium is the sodium salt of Cefotixin, a cephamycin β-lactam second- generation cephalosporin that is resistant to β-lactamases.  Cefoxitin Sodium is freely soluble in aqueous solution.  

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    Mechanism of ActionLike β-lactams, cephamycins interfere with PBP (penicillin binding protein) activity involved in the final phase of peptidoglycan synthesis. PBP’s are enzymes which catalyze a pentaglycine crosslink between alanine and lysine residues providing additional strength to the cell wall. Without a pentaglycine crosslink, the integrity of the cell wall is severely compromised and ultimately leads to cell lysis and death. Resistance to cephamycins is commonly due to cells containing plasmid encoded β-lactamases. Like many cephamycins, cefoxitin is resistant to β-lactamases.
    SpectrumCefoxitin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic effective against several Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Like many cephamycins, cefoxitin is particularly effective against anaerobic bacteria.
    Microbiology ApplicationsCefoxitin sodium is commonly used in clinical in vitro microbiological antimicrobial susceptibility tests (panels, discs, and MIC strips) against Gram-positive and Gram-negative microbial isolates. Medical microbiologists use AST results to recommend antibiotic treatment options for infected patients. Representative MIC values include:

    • Bacteroides fragilis 1 µg/mL – 8 µg/mL
    • Bacillus cereus 8.6 µg/mL
    • For a complete list of cefoxitin MIC values, click here.
    Molecular FormulaC16H16N3NaO7S2
    AssayDried Basis:
    927 - 970 µg/mg (based on C16H17N3O7S2);
    97.5% - 102.0% (based on C16H16N3NaO7S2)
    References

    Georgopapadakou NH (1992)  Mechanisms of action of cephalosporin 3'-quinolone esters, carbamates, and tertiary amines in Escherichia coli. Antimicrob. Agents. Chemother.  37 (3): 559-565